SUBJECT: CERTIFICATE AND MINOR IN MILITARY AND STRATEGIC STUDIES
Through pro forma exploratory research a need has been expressed by current and future students of Washburn University, as well as both military and civilian community members, for an academic program in military and strategic studies. Such a program would be short of the credit hours required for an Associate of Arts degree, but still significant enough to warrant special recognition and availability of transfer. Specifically, members of the military community of Ft. Leavenworth have sought a supplement to their Command and General Staff instruction, as well as undergraduate credit toward various degrees. In addition, current and potential future students have expressed an interest in military and strategic studies as natural complement to their major fields of study, and as an authorized minor, especially in the areas of political science and history. In this regard, a proposal for both a 18-credit hour minor and a 30-credit h our Certificate have been developed by the Criminal Justice Department (its host department), and approved by the Curriculum Committee for the School of Applied Studies. Courses associated with these programs have already been taught for one full academic year, and the response has been tremendous. Appropriate arrangements have been made for the addition of one full-time, non-tenure track position for the 1998-99 year, as well as adequate library holdings to support the instruction; additional courses in excess of the full-time teaching load will be taught by qualified adjunct faculty.
The General Faculty approved the proposal at its meeting on January 28, 1999.
President Farley recommends Board of Regents approval of the Certificate and Minor in Military and Strategic Studies.
(date) Jerry B. Farley, President
Students and community members have consistently requested the development of a certificate and/or minor in the area of Military and Strategic Studies that could be used as a primary or secondary minor within their existing bachelor programs. As a result of this demand and the potential audience of new students, a proposal for a minor and a certificate in Military and Strategic Studies is submitted for consideration.
Washburn University has a long history in the area of professional military education. Currently, Washburn University has articulation agreements with the Reserve Officer Training Programs with both the University of Kansas and Kansas State University allowing for Washburn students to obtain military commissions as they complete their degrees in Topeka. This minor will enhance the performance of Washburn students enrolled in existing military programs and those interested in international affairs.
Additionally, there has been a significant increase in the popularity of military studies in the high schools within our service area. Currently, Topeka High School is the host for a United States Marine Corps Junior ROTC and Highland Park High School serves as the host for an Air Force ROTC. Participation in the Topeka High School program is about three hundred students. Many of these student would be very interested in continuing their studies in the area of military and strategic studies upon admission to a university and such a minor would constitute a positive draw for a prospective attendee. Also, there exists a significant number of potential non-traditional students in the Topeka area who are employed in the defense or defense related industries area. These areas of potential non-traditional students also include the Kansas National Guard, Kansas Air Guard, Army Reserve, Coast Guard Finance Center, Naval Reserve, military veterans and various recruiting detachments.
Last academic year Washburn University re-activated the MS course designation (Military and Strategic Studies) within the School of Applied Studies. The demand for the courses has been much greater than anticipated. During the Fall 1997 semester, three three-credit hour courses were offered in the area of Military and Strategic Studies. The three courses generated 138 credit hours, for an average of forty six credit hours per course, or fifteen students per class.
Both the certificate and minor in Military and Strategic Studies are designed to address the educational desires of students seeking to further their understanding of national security and the military and its role as an element of national power. Both initiatives are designed to provide the student with a rich core of information, opportunities to conduct research in the field, and to express their ideas in the instructional setting. The design of these initiatives allow students to explore areas of national security policy and strategy, military/industrial/civilian mobilization, resource management and policy, the foundations and use of the military as an element of national foreign policy and the military's role in society.
Marketing and Target Population:
The initiatives in the area of Military and Strategic Studies are designed to attract new students, not displace existing student credit hours. Several underserved/non-served populations exist within eastern Kansas, the most significant of which is that of the military personnel, both active and reserve.
Currently, a proposal has been presented to the Department of the Army requiring soldiers have completed not less than thirty semester hours of course work prior to selection for promotion to the rank of Staff Sergeant or above. This requirement will create another demand for academic opportunities in this area of the state (Leavenworth, Topeka and Fort Riley) from military personnel who now face a requirement of academic achievement prior to selection for promotion.
Another target population for the Certificate in Military and Strategic Studies initiative are those who have completed an undergraduate degree are desire to return
Current library holdings are solid, though additional resource material added to the current collection is desired (see proforma). Extensive material is available in support of this program without cost. The National Defense University, the National War College, the Army War College, the Army Command and General Staff College and the Marine Corps Command and Staff College are willing to provide various resource material in support of this program at no cost to the University.
The curriculum for both the certificate and minor consists of interrelated courses presented in a balanced mix of seminars and lectures, drawing from not only the area of Military and Strategic Studies, but also from other disciplines such as History, Political Science, Sociology and Criminal Justice. Courses are structured to emphasize active learning, the curriculum frequently employs the case-study method, complemented by extensive student readings, written and oral presentations, classroom analysis, lectures by faculty members and prominent outside authorities, and field study opportunities. These programs are designed to provide appropriate academic rigor.
The curriculum for both the certificate and the minor provides a broad education in national security strategy and national military strategy.
The Certificate in Military and Strategic Studies will:
1) include not less than thirty hours (30) of which not less than fifteen (15) must be upper division.
2) Students may elect to include in this certificate up to nine (9) hours of military history or international military policy courses.
3) Subject to approval, up to six (6) semester hours of Military Science, Naval Science or Air Studies may be applied to this minor as lower division credit.
4) MS 100, 210, 310, 320 and 410 are required of all seeking a certificate in Military and Strategic Studies.
The Minor in Military and Strategic Studies will:
1) include not less than eighteen hours (18) of which not less than nine must be upper division.
2) Students may elect to include in this minor up to six (6) hours of military history or international policy courses.
3) Subject to approval,up to three semester hours of Military Science, Naval Science or Air Studies may be applied to this minor as lower division credit.
4) MS 100, 320 and 410 are required of all seeking a minor in Military and Strategic Studies.
Courses (Course descriptions are attached)and credit hours:
Required Courses for the Minor in Military and Strategic Studies
MS 100 Introduction to Military Studies (b)(3 hrs)
MS 320 National Security Policy (b) (3 hrs)
MS 410 Military Campaign and Battle Analysis (b) (3 hrs)
Required Courses for the Certificate in Military and Strategic Studies
EN 101 English Composition
MS 100 Introduction to Military Studies (c)(3 hrs)
MS 210 Great Captains (c) (3 hrs)
MS 310 The American Experience at War (c) (3 hrs)
MS 320 National Security Policy (c) (3 hrs)
MS 410 Campaign and Battle Analysis (c) (3 hrs)
Military and Strategic Study elective courses for the minor
MS 140 The Role of the Military (3 hrs)
MS 150 America's First Battles (a)(3 hrs)
MS 210 Great Captains (a) (3 hrs)
MS 310 The American Experience at War (a) (3 hrs)
MS 330 International Conflict (a) (3 hrs)
MS 350 Military Strategy in Peace and War (a) (3 hrs)
MS 360 Independent Study (1-3)
MS 380 Civil-Military Relations (3 hrs)
MS 390 Special Topics in Military and Strategic Studies (1-3)
MS 490 Special Topics in Military and Strategic Studies (1-3)
(a) Course has been instructed at Washburn University as a special topic as of the 1997/1998 academic year.
(b) Required of all students seeking the Minor in Military and Strategic Studies.
(C) Required of all students seeking the Certificate in Military and Strategic Studies.
It is also expected that international study opportunities will be identified and developed.
The minor and the certificate will be administered by the Department of Criminal Justice within the School of Applied Studies. Normal cost of day to day operation will be supported by the Department of Criminal Justice, to include printing and duplication, telephone support, typing support etc.
It is recommended that the program be reviewed at the two, three and five year points of operation to determine success of the program.
Combination of full-time and adjunct faculty will be used (see proforma). One full-time tenured tracked faculty position is requested and two adjunct instructional positions (twelve credit hours: six credit hours per semester).
Many highly qualified potential adjuncts reside in the area that may called upon to serve as rotating instructional staff.
It is the policy of Washburn University to assure equal educational and employment opportunity to qualified individuals without regard to race, color, religion, age, national origin, ancestry, disability, sex marital or parental status or sexual orientation.
(Cost analysis has been reviewed by Bill Radcliff)
REVENUES: YEAR 1 YEAR 2 YEAR 3
Students @ Class 15 16 17
Classes @ year 12 12 16
MSS credit hours 540 576 816
Tuition rate 94 94 94
Tuition income 50,760 54,144 76,704
Total Revenues 50,760 54,144 76,704
EXPENSES: YEAR 1 YEAR 2 YEAR 3
Faculty (full-time) 35,000 35,000 35,000
Faculty (adjunct) 6,000 6,000 12,000
Secretarial Support 2,000 2,000 2,000
Accreditation NONE NONE NONE
Furniture NONE NONE NONE
Facility Rental NONE NONE NONE
Library Acq 2,000 1,000 1,000
Advertising NONE NONE NONE
TOTAL EXPENSES 45,000 45,000 52,000
NET OPERATIONS 5,760 9,144 24,704
To support this program initiative, the School of Applied Studies will require the appointment of one additional tenure track faculty member. It is recommended that the faculty search be conducted during the 1998-1999 academic year, with appointment commencing fall 1999.
Credit hour production is based on an estimated 15 students per class for the first year, 16 students per class for the second year, and 17 students per class for the third year. It is estimated that the program will support approximately seventy-five students in Military and Strategic Studies in various stages of minor or certificate completion.