Text image: Useful Websites for World Cultures Instructors

    Sara Tucker
    Professor of History
    Washburn University
    E-mail
    : sara.tucker@washburn.edu

    The following sites are that are particularly useful for teaching world history, both at the introductory and upper division college level. I use them both for my own live and online presentations, and as sources for student work, to presented either online or live in class. In most cases the sites are valuable because they contain either resources freely available for academic reuse, rich assortments of primary documents, and/or large amounts of useful images (photographs, art reproductions, illustrative diagrams, maps, etc). In a few cases they also contain useful sound or video files. Note that the academic level, technical sophistication, and complexity of the sites listed varies greatly - however all, in my experience, are of some significant value to digitally-inclined instructors.

Text Image: Very Big Gateways

World Civilizations: http://www.wsu.edu:8080/~dee/. This site is the basis for two Washington State University online world civilizations courses, but its contents are also open to general web browsing. It is most valuable for its many, many very useful essays narrating all eras and most areas of world history. Its supplementary areas (recommended weblinks, maps, primary documents, glossary definitions) are spotty (broken links, unfinished areas), but also valuable when present.

Exploring Ancient World Cultures: http://eawc.evansville.edu/. Created by the University of Evansville in 1997, this site doesn't seem to have grown much since then, and now contains lots of broken or changed links. But it is still useful for it clearly organized pages and subpages of links to chronologies, essays, images, primary document texts and websites about various ancient and medieval cultures. Subsaharan Africa, the Americas and other major culture areas are omitted, but the site focus does include most of the Mediterranean and Asia greats: the Near East (the lands between the east Mediterranean shore and India), India, Egypt, China, Greece, Rome, Early Islam and Medieval Europe.

MERLOT - Multimedia Educational Resource for Learning and Online Teaching: http://www.merlot.org/Home.po . A huge site, once requiring an expensive subscription, but now available free. It's self description says it well: "Links to online learning materials are collected here along with annotations such as peer reviews and assignments." Teachers can find very useful websites containing a huge amount of multimedia resources.

Edsitement: http://edsitement.neh.gov/websites_all.asp. Subtitled "The Best of the Humanities on the Web," this NEH page contains annotated links to what it has identified as top humanities sites.Subdivided in a variety of ways to make searching easier.  Focus is on sites suitable for pre-college students, but sites identified as 9-12 usually contain materials of value at least to introductory level college students. Site can be set to look only for younger or older student levels.

The Best of History Web Sites: http://www.besthistorysites.net/. Like Edsitement, this site provides descriptions, ratings and links to history-related sites judged especially worthy for educators. The topics in which sites are listed include chronological and area ones, plus those best for K-12 lesson plans/activities, multimedia and research.

The WWW Virtual Library: http://www.vlib.org/Overview.html. Go especially to subpages for the Humanities (Note that History is listed under it), Regional Studies and Society.

PBS History: http://www.pbs.org/neighborhoods/history/. This site contains hotlinks to the very large number of individual PBS sites developed to accompany history-related PBS serieses. This is a very rich resource for sites that might be assigned as supplemental "virtual field trips" for students to visit or review, and also used by teachers as background resources for themselves.

Teacher Oz's Kingdom of History Table of Contents: http://www.teacheroz.com/toc.htm . Offers a great array of links to other pages, many of which can be useful from which to harvest media and other teaching resources.

Text Image: Images

Big Lists of Links

Art History Resources on the Web: http://witcombe.sbc.edu/ARTHLinks.html. A very big, very rich site kept very up to date by Professor Chris Whitcombe of Sweet Briar.  

Photographic Image Databases (not restricted to one place or time)

Cities/Buildings Database: http://www.washington.edu/ark2/

Art Images for College Teaching: http://arthist.cla.umn.edu/aict/html/index.html  To quote the site, "AICT is a free-use image resource for the educational community." Its images are almost entirely Western, with just a few non-Western (a few Pacific Northwest Native American and Mayan), but a number of very useful images for the Ancient through Modern Mediterranean cultures.

Digital Imaging Project -- Art historical images of sculpture and architecture from pre-historic to post-modern: http://www.bluffton.edu/~sullivanm/index/index3.html. Large collection of slides collected by Mary Anne Sullivan of Bluffton College. Almost all are early and classical Mediterranean and then European from early Christian through 20th century eras. "Prehistoric" slides do include some of North American pueblos. Also images of work by women architects.Indexed 3 ways: chronologically, by sites and by artists & architects. ll are available for unrestricted educational use.

Jacques-Edouard Berger Foundation World Art Treasures: http://www.bergerfoundation.ch/. This site reflects the 100,000+ slide Berger collection for North African, East and South Asian and Classical and Medieval European art. Its links lead to many very useful but almost completely uncaptioned slides. A very useful resource for the instructor who already knows what s/he is doing, and only needs links to existing online images.

Wadsworth/Thompson Learning World History Image Bank: http://www.wadsworth.com/history_d/special_features/image_bank/index.html. Site consists of links to (as of early 2002) 14 subpages each containing 20-30 very useful teaching images.All non-US areas represented.  Most were donated by William Duiker. Copyright-free Images: The site specifically gives permission for their use "in the classroom or for non-commercial education purposes".

Asian Historical Architecture: In its own words, it is "a photographic survey of Asia's architectural heritage.  Here you can view over 6500 photos of 461 sites in seventeen countries, with background information and virtual tours. This website is a collection of photos from many different contributors." Unfortunately, the website does not spell out what uses viewers make legitimately make of its photographic collection.

Images From History: http://www.hp.uab.edu/image_archive/index.html. This site, created by Haines Brown, was one of the very early ones up on the web. It contains lots of thumbnail images divided first into his distinctive three eras of Archaic, Ancient, and Feudal (the fourth, Capitalist, is no longer available). Useful for traditional closed classroom settings, but note that Professor Brown says that he originally used all images under the theory of educational fairuse, so he has, and can provide, no copyright permission.

text: Museum Sites 

    Metropolitan Museum of Art Online Collection: http://www.metmuseum.org/collections/index.asp   This page has links to 20+ subpages for different collections, at least half non-American. Each of these collection contains many dozens of images of museum collection pieces. To make navigation easy, they can be viewed in batches of 50, 10 or 1. Many come in various image sizes. Very useful source of images. According to the site's terms and conditions statement, unaltered images from the Museum's Web site may be placed on a file server at educational institutions "if there is no charge for the user and if electronic distribution is of limited term to your school or museum only.... All of the accompanying caption information must be included without alteration, and the citation should include the URL 'www.metmuseum.org'."

    WebMuseum: http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/. One of the really early image-rich sites put up on the web, with pages still dated 1995 and 1996, it neverthe less is a rich trove of very good images of mostly European art. Its curator, Nicholas Pioch, makes clear that he considers the images copyright-free, since they are all of art over 50 years old, with the photographic images donated freely for educational use.

    Art Institute of Chicagohttp://www.artic.edu/aic/. Has some very nice online images for each of its permanent collections, which are mostly Western (including Ancient Mediterranean), but also some African, Amerindian and Asian. Of particular value is Cleopatria: A Multimedia Guide to Ancient Art, meaning Egyptian, Greek and Italian. (See full description below, in Egyptian, Roman & Greek sections.)

    State Hermitage Museum: http://www.hermitagemuseum.org/html_En/index.html. A very up-to-date, well organized, searchable website for Russia's great museum. Offers a limited number of useful images, plus some nice interpretive essays giving context for various eras. All images copyright protected.

    Boston Museum of Fine Arts: http://www.mfa.org. Go especially to the Guide to the Collection. Site is useful on many levels. Its online collections offer more than 500 images of art works from a broad variety of world culture areas, plus some very nice "Explorations" essays for each area. Do note MFA's very restrictive use policy: NO image reuse allowed without specific permission.

    Christus Rex (Vatican): http://www.christusrex.org/www1/icons/index.htmlspacer.gif

Text Image: Mostly Texts

Internet History Sourcebooks: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/. All of these seem to be the work primarily of Paul Halsall, and together represent an immense resource primarily for online texts, but also often a good amount of multimedia nd many useful links to related websites.
  • Ancient History Sourcebook: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/ancient/asbook.html. Covers Mediterranean world topics: Human origins, Ancient Near East, Egypt, Greece & Hellenistic world, Rome, and Late Antiquity
  • Medieval History Sourcebook: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/sbook.html. Again focused on Mediterranean world topics mostly Europe, Byzantium and Islam. His sections of selected sources, full text and saints' lives. Good map and image links plus guides to films and music.
  • Modern History Sourcebook: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/sbook.html. Western-focused starting with the Protestant Reformation, but also includes many century non-western world topics through colonial topics. More world topics starting with the breakup of colonial empires
  • African History Sourcebook: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/africa/africasbook.html. Earliest to modern eras
  • East Asian History Sourcebook: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/eastasia/eastasiasbook.html. Earliest to modern era. Very dominantly China and Japan, but some limited resources for Korea and other area countries. Excellent on Buddhism
  • Indian History Sourcebook: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/india/indiasbook.html.  Earliest era to present; includes 20th century sources for all subcontinent countries
  • Islamic History Sourcebook: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/islam/islamsbook.html.  Pre-Islamic Arabia to present; 20th century texts are mostly Middle Eastern countries. Some very useful maps.
  • Jewish History Sourcebook: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/jewish/jewishsbook.html  People of Canaan to present. Some very nice soundfiles.
  • History of Science Sourcebook: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/science/sciencesbook.html Compiles specifically-scientific topics from areas covered in all other Sourcebooks.
  • Women's History Sourcebook: http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/women/womensbook.html  Very helpful compilation of sources included in all the other Sourcebooksspacer.gif
The Avalon Project at the Yale Law School:  http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/avalon.htm. Large and growing collection of "documents on law, history and diplomacy." Organized by century (pre-18th, 18th, 19th & 20th) and alphabetically by author/title, subject, and/or event. Also searchable. Site gives permission to use all documents "on your website or in your classroom for any educational or non-commercial purpose." 

Text Image: Maps

    Perry-Castaneda Library Map Collection Online: http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/.  Copyright-free Images: Excellent source for copyright-free digital maps, both with modern borders and showing earlier historic boundaries. See especially the Historical Map collection at http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/index.html. Altogether contains about 5000 digital map images, all copyright free because they were scanned from sources in the public domain (see Map FAQ at http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/faq.html#3.html).

    About.com Geography: Free Blank Outline Maps of the Countries and Continents of the World: http://geography.miningco.com/library/blank/blxindex.htm. About.com used to be The Mining Company. It has hundreds of different sites, each focused on one topic, with a Guide who creats annotated lists of links to that topic. Copyright-free Images: Its Geography site includes this subsite of about 200 - as it says - free (fairuse) blank outline maps. The outlines are just of coastline and political borders; no rivers, dots for cities, etc.

    National Geographic Maps & Geography: http://www.nationalgeographic.com/maps/. See especially the Xpeditions Atlas, which offers a dozen outline maps (the world, the continents, and a few others), each of which can be viewed in either .gif or .pdf format, with or without political boundaries, and with or without location names visible. Copyright-free Images: all are available for unrestricted non-commerical use, either in the classroom or online.

    Florida Geographic Alliance: http://fga.freac.fsu.edu/maps.html. Copyright-free Images: A useful assortment of outline maps of all major world regions, presented with the statement "Feel free to use them in any lesson or classroom." Note they Require Adobe Acrobat 4.

    Education Place Outline Maps (Houghton Mifflin): http://www.eduplace.com/ss/maps/index.html/ Significantly upgraded from its earlier version, now uses Adobe Acrobat (free download Reader 4.0 or better required) and all files are in .pdf format. Copyright-free Images: site says "These maps may be printed and copied for personal or classroom use."

    Ancient World Mapping Center Maps for Students: http://www.unc.edu/depts/awmc/content/html4/mapsforstudents.html. Contains free digital maps intended for high school and college level courses on the Classical Mediterranean world.  Wheelock maps are provided in both .pdf and .jpg as well as labeled and unlabeled versions. Copyright-free Images, somewhat restricted in use: The site gives permission for classroom and online educational use that does not change map images; in additional correspondence site master Tom Elliott also gave permission for instructors to use map images as a base, with additional geographic marks added. In all cases credit to the site should be given with each use.

    Hyper History: http://www.hyperhistory.com/online_n2/History_n2/a.html  Not university-level in coverage, but useful for its simple, effective colored world and regional maps for many different eras. Students often like its timelines as a review resource.

    Historical Atlas of the 20th Century: http://users.erols.com/mwhite28/20centry.htm. Fairly large, interesting variety of interpretive maps, mostly concerning Great Powers (including China). 

    Graphic Maps Free Clip Art Outline Maps: http://www.graphicmaps.com/webimage/testmaps/maps.htm. Very simple black and white outline maps of the world, all continents and regions. Most with modern political boundaries but a few without. Copyright-free Images: All available for almost unrestricted use, with a link back to the site.

    Shock-ing Geography: http://www.depauw.edu/learn/shock_maps/. INTERACTIVE outline map site created by Daniel J. Pfeifer of Wake Forest University. Using it students can first learn and then quiz themselves on physical, current political and some historical map information. Historical maps are so far only for Europe 1763-1914, but physical and current political maps cover most world areas. Instructors can have results of student self-quizzes emailed to them. Requires Shockwave software.

Eras

    Paleolithic French Cave Paintings: Very technologically-sophisticated sites, best viewed with Netscape or Internet Explorer browsers of 4.x or above. If faced with a blank black screen, try moving the mouse around and/or clicking. Some maps, many very good images and explanatory & interpretive essays.
    Ancient Near East
     
      Oriental Institute Virtual Museum: http://www-oi.uchicago.edu/OI/MUS/QTVR96/QTVR96.html. Contains hotlinks to two very rich subpages of the University of Chicago's Oriental Institute website: Highlights from the Collections and Photographic Archives. All images are copyright protected, but work well online when reached via a link to the OI site. Each image is accompanied by both full identifying detail and a helpful short explanatory essay.

Text Image: Topics

    Discoverers Web: http://www.win.tue.nl/~engels/discovery/index.html.  This site contains a large number of links to webpages concerning both broad and very specialized topics about discoverers from pre-history to fairly recent times and in all areas of the world .Most links are not annotated, but one sub-page of links to multi-page sites does include annotations.

    International Museum of the Horse Online History Exhibitshttp://www.imh.org/museum/ From prehistory to the present, divided chronologically and covering many world areas.(The horse is central to an amazing number of historic developments.) This site's narrative offers both analysis and fascinating tid-bits, plus many excellent images.

    Engines of Our Ingenuity: http://www.uh.edu/engines/engines.htm. Hundreds of very brief essays which are really the scripts for short radio pieces done by John Lienhard, Professor of Mechanical Engineering and History at the University of Houston. A great source of both memorable tidbits and the many roles of technology & invention in history.  Mostly post-Medieval and Western). Unfortunately there seems to be no page listing and organizing all episode titles by category, but you can either do keyword searches or just read down the whole list of titles on the Keywords page: http://www.uh.edu/engines/keywords.htm.

    Silk Road Seattle: http://depts.washington.edu/uwch/silkroad/index.shtml. To quote the site's own introduction, it was developed as part of the Silk Road Seattle project,  a "collaborative public education project exploring cultural interaction across Eurasia from the first century BCE to the sixteenth century CE." Its resources include images of both artwork and travellers' photos of cities and architecture, translations of documents, maps including interactive self-quizzes, interpretive essays, curriculum guides, and lists of other print and online resources.

    The Atlantic Slave Trade and Slave Life in the Americas: A Visual Record: http://hitchcock.itc.virginia.edu/Slavery/index.php. Site is by Jerome S. Handler and Michael L. Tuite Jr.. It has thousands of images, many out from under copyright. Copyright-free Images: The authors say that all of these are provided for use, including posting online, " the personal use of students, teachers, scholars, and the general public. Any commercial use or publication of them is strictly prohibited."

Culture Areas

    Africa

Africa Focus: Sights and Sounds of a Continent: http://africafocus.library.wisc.edu/. University of Wisconsin, Madison site containing a large number of digital images originally donated to the university's African Studies Department. Altogether contains 3000+ slides and 500+ photographs plus 50 hours of sound from 45 different African countries. Site can be searched by by topic, country, keyword.  Copyright-free Images: All materials may be freely copied for any personal, teaching and research purposes. Searchable in multiple ways.

BBC World Focus: The Story of Africa: http://www.bbc.co.uk/worldservice/specials/1624_story_of_africa/index.shtml . Rich although overview-level site with sub-pages on Early History, Nile Valley, West African Kingdoms, The Swahili, Religion, Slavery, Central African Kingdoms, Africa and Europe, Southern Africa, Between the wars, and Independence. Each subpage includes text excerpts from original sources, plus some "Listen" soundfiles. To play these, look for a separate sound player box that should pop up behind the webpage window.

Ancient Americas 

The Sport of Life and Death: the Mesoamerican Ballgame: http://www.ballgame.org/main.asp?section=5. Very rich interactive site created by NEH and Mint Museum of Art. Includes timeline, maps showing all major cultures, great amounts of specific information, scholars' comments, a video reconstruction, etc.

Ancient Architects of the Mississippi: http://www.nps.gov/archeology/feature/feature.htm . National Park Service Site for Moundbuilders. Some illustrations reflect earlier assumptions of their daily life (gender roles, etc), and all seem to be copyright restricted.

    Asia  

Asia for Educators: http://www.columbia.edu/itc/eacp/japanworks/index.html. An excellent Columbia University site seeming intended for the secondary level, but with many elements useful for introductory university-level instructors.

  • Asian Topics: http://www.columbia.edu/itc/eacp/asiasite/index.htm. Created by Columbia University, this site features a growing number of multi-media subpages on a variety of Japan and China topics. These pages include a number of very brief background statements by noted experts in each field, video and sound clips, class resources and recommended print and web resources.
  • East Asia in World History: http://www.columbia.edu/itc/eacp/webcourse/tempintro.htm

Asian Historical Architecture: http://www.orientalarchitecture.com. Site contains a great many photographs of buildings and sites from most east and south Asian areas. Site organized first by state and then by specific historic sites within each state. Use of each image is donated by travelers who retain copyright. Site says "Images may be reproduced for educational purposes only, with permission of the authors. Higher resolution versions of many of the photos are available upon request for educational use."

Ask Asia Instructional Resources: http://www.askasia.org/teachers/Instructional_Resources/index.htm. Clearly aimed at the secondary level, but includes some useful "copyright cleared" photos, plus a good deal of material very useful to the beginning instructor.

Minneapolis Institute of Arts - Arts of Asia: http://www.artsmia.org/arts-of-asia/asia.cfm. Beautifully designed site with subsites on China, Japan and Tibet. The China site has an excellent sub-subsite of simple but classroom-effective maps for all the eras of Chinese history.  

    Britain

    Spartacus Internet Encyclopedia: http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/  An encyclopedia-style online free resource focused mostly on British history, medieval era on. (Also some US). Contains a number of useful images and text selections; helpful to instructors fleshing out new topics. Includes subpages on Medieval World, British History 1700-1900, Industrial Revolution, WWI, Slavery 1750-1870, RR 1780-1900, Emancipation of Women 1750-1920, and Investigating the Vietnam War.

The Victorian Web: http://www.victorianweb.org/ A big site with lots of subpages on all sorts of related topics. Contains texts, essays, some images, bibliographies, links, etc.

The British Empire: http://www.britishempire.co.uk/. Very definitely written to the popular level by an English teacher, but it contains a large variety of very useful images as well as a number of interpretive articles by academics. Recommended by the BBC as a valuable educational resource. 

    China  

    A Visual Sourcebook of Chinese Civilization by Patricia Buckley Ebrey: http://depts.washington.edu/chinaciv/index.htm. This is an excellent and extensive online visual accompanyment to Ebrey's excellent print Chinese Civilization reader. Limited amount of copyright-free images: Some images are public domain but others are on her site with permission only for that site, so many of its resources are best used either through links to the site or visited there by students. The site is organized into modules focused on the themes of Chinese geography, tomb archaeology, Buddhism, calligraphy, military technology, painting, homes, gardens, clothing, and graphic arts.

    China the Beautiful: http://www.chinapage.org/china-rm.html.  A rich smorgasboard of topics concerning China, including broad art, music, literature, history.

    The Song Dynasty in China (960-1279) : http://afe.easia.columbia.edu/song/. Part of the Columbia University Asian Topics in World History, Asia for Educators site. It's subtitle is "Life in the Song seen through a 12th century scroll" referring to the famous Beijing Qingming Scroll which offers such an excellent image with which to build students' visual literacy skills. The very rich, excellent site includes a bibliography, online readings and scholars' essays, maps, and other class materials and recommended links.

    Classical Mediterranean  

    Diotima: Material for the Study of Women and Gender in the Ancient World: http://www.stoa.org/diotima/.  A wonderful gateway to all sorts of resources on both Greece and Rome: Course syllabi , texts, essays, bibliographies, images,  links, etc. One of the best big sites there is.

The Perseus Project :http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/   A digital library of Greek & Latin texts, some in translation, plus some other resources). Excellent resource.

Maecenas: Images of Ancient Greece and Rome: http://wings.buffalo.edu/AandL/Maecenas/index.html. As of Spring 2002 the site contains about 1800 photographs taken by Professor Leo C. Curran (retired? Classics, SUNY/Buffalo). Unrestricted educational copyright-free use of images: to quote Prof. Curran "You many do anything you like with these images. The only exception: no commercial use."  

    Egypt

    Pilgrimage to Abydos: http://www.bergerfoundation.ch/Abydos/. This site, built using early frames technology, still can work well for students to visit as a virtual "field trip," although perhaps guided by some additional instructor's directions and questions. When all interactive links are followed and explanations understood, the site provides an indepth look at the complexities and interactions of Egyptian architecture together with religious and political beliefs.

Mark Millmore's Ancient Egypt: http://www.discoveringegypt.com/. Millmore, according to his own online biography, is a professional artist & designer who has studied Egypt fairly seriously, and put his artistic skills to work designing simple, effective online graphics demonstrating and explaining various aspects of Ancient Egyptian cultural achievements (pyramids & temples, mathematics and hieroglyphics). Copyright-free Images: Millmore specifically says he will permit reuse of his images "for Educational, non-profit purposes" provided he's credited with a link back to his site, and permission is asked of him via email.

Color Tour of Egypt: http://www.memphis.edu/egypt/egypt.html. This page was created by the University of Memphis's Institute for Egyptian Art and Archeology in 1996. It contains a number of subpages, each with a limited but very nice assortment of images (available in different file sizes) of some of Ancient Egypt's most important sites. The largest size images load quickly and work very well as illustrations. All are copyrighted so should be used only as links online.

Cleopatra: A Multimedia Guide to the Ancient World: http://www.artic.edu/cleo/. Created by the Art Institute of Chicago, this site requires QuickTime software. Although presented in a style understandable by secondary students, its many QuickTime movie presentations provide rich, fascinating detail about ancient Egyptian, Greek and Italian beliefs, practices, technologies, etc. [To see movies the "Stories" button then one of the buttons that appears.]

Hieroglyphics Translator: http://www.quizland.com/hiero.mv. This one is just for fun, but is a real student favorite. Key in any name or phrase and almost instantly get it translated into the sort-of correct hieroglyph symbols. The result doesn't seem to be available for the usual "save image" command, but a screen print captures it and can be pasted into any graphic editing program.  

    Europe  

    The Labyrinth: Resources for Medieval Studies (European): http://labyrinth.georgetown.edu/. Very much still under development, but already useful. It contains a very workable search engine which does often yield links to sites of value.

Amiens Cathedral: http://www.learn.columbia.edu/Mcahweb/index-frame.html A wonderful small-focus website, using the power of computers to let students experience in a complex way the full glory of medieval cathedral architecture. Also a great source of images and information for instructors.  

Celtic Art & Cultures: http://www.unc.edu/celtic/. Site was developed out of a University of North Carolina course in Celtic Art. Features several galleries of images and designs, as well as timelines, maps, and a glossary.

    France

    Chateau de Versailles: http://www.chateauversailles.fr/en/index.php . Official site of Versailles. Includes a number of very useful images and some good pamphlet-level information.

    Fondation de l'OEuvre Notre-Dame (Building of Notre Dame/English version): http://www.oeuvre-notre-dame.org/indexgb.htm. Not to the level of the Amiens Cathedral website, but still well worth visiting. To navigate, look for very small yellow triangles appearing within the larger window. Hover over one and you should see that it is a link to either "Page Suivante" or "Page Precedente" - the next or previous page.

    Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution: http://chnm.gmu.edu/revolution/. This site, created by significant FR scholars Lynn Hunt and Jack Censer, contains more than 600 texts, images, maps, and songs plus provides the contexts by which to understand them.

    Greek (Ancient) - see also Classical Mediterranean

    Perseus Digital Library: http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/about. Maintained by Tufts University. In their words: "Our flagship collection, under development since 1987, covers the history, literature and culture of the Greco-Roman world."

    University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archeology and Anthropology's The Ancient Greek World: http://www.museum.upenn.edu/Greek_World/Index.html. Built around images of artifacts from the museum collection, this site provides good short pages of information on Ancient Greece's Land & Time, Daily Life, Religion and Death, Economy and Extra Topics. For example, Daily Life covers women's lives, men's lives, and life in the house.

    Maecenas: Images of Ancient Greece and Rome: http://wings.buffalo.edu/AandL/Maecenas/index.html. As of Spring 2002 the site contains about 1800 photographs taken by Professor Leo C. Curran (retired? Classics, SUNY/Buffalo). Unrestricted educational copyright-free use of images: to quote Prof. Curran "You many do anything you like with these images. The only exception: no commercial use."  

    India  

    The Ancient Indus Valley: http://www.harappa.com/har/har0.html   A very useful site for India's earliest Indus River/Harappan civilization.

    Japan  

    Visualizing Cultures – Image-Driven Scholarship: http://ocw.mit.edu/ans7870/21f/21f.027/home/index.html. An excellent new resource from MIT aimed, as its introduction says, at exploring "the potential of the Web for developing innovative image-driven scholarship and learning." As the title suggests, it is very rich on images. As of early 2009 it has 13 units on both Eastern and Western perspectives on 19th & 20th century Japan, going from Black Ships & Samurai (Perry's arrivals in 1853 and 1854) and Ground Zero 1945. There are plans for a similar assortment of units on 19th and 20th century China.

    Visual Literacy Exercise- 53 Stations of Tokaido: http://www.csuohio.edu/history/exercise/vlehome.html   This site is valuable to instructors not for its great Hiroshige blockprint images of Tokugawa Japan but also for its interactive nature. Student visitors get very good guidance and experience in how to evaluate visual images as historic sources.

Edo Tour: http://www.us-japan.org/EdoMatsu/. An extremely rich, interactive site taking visitors on many sub-"tours" of late 18th-century Tokugawa Japan. written for about a secondary school audience, but filled with detail likely to be of value to at least introductory college level study. Especially rich on details of all levels of daily life. 

    Middle East

    Encyclopedia of the Orient: http://www.i-cias.com/e.o/index.htm. Despite its name, covers North Africa and the Middle East. As its name suggests, covers many hundreds of topics in brief encyclopedia style. Easily navigated, contains a number of useful teaching-level images and maps.

Arab Net: http://www.arab.net/  Covers all Arab states, so more than just the Middle East. Click on any country's flag, and its subpage comes up, with subpages for Geography (modern maps) and History (brief, introductory level, but sometimes useful).  

    Rome (Ancient) - see also Classical Mediterranean

    Ancient Rome: Images and Pictures
    : http://bellarmine.lmu.edu/faculty/fjust/Rome.htm. A collection of over 240 photographs of Roman area monuments and sites plus maps and illustrations from Samuel Ball Platner's 1904 The Topography and Monuments of Ancient Rome.
    Copyright-free Images: Images copyrighted to Prof. Felix Just, S.J. of Loyola Marymount University, who makes them freely available for online and classroom for all non-profit educational use but asks credit and a link back to his website.

VRoma: http://www.vroma.org/images/image_search.html. Copyright-free Images: The site clearly says that "images in the VRoma Archive are freely available for all non-commercial use on the web. Users may link to the images on the VRoma server or download them for use on their own server."

PBS's The Roman Empire in the First Century: http://www.pbs.org/empires/romans/index.html. Developed as a public school resource to accompany the TV program on this subject. While aimed at pre-college level students, it also offers detailed surveys useful for at least introductory-level college students. Has timeline, extensive essays on Roman Empire, Ancient Voices (good excerpt texts), Social Order and Life in Roman Times. It contains no maps of its own, but does offer a Web Resources page (http://www.pbs.org/empires/romans/about/resources.html) with many useful links including those to maps.  

Maecenas: Images of Ancient Greece and Rome: http://wings.buffalo.edu/AandL/Maecenas/index.html. As of Spring 2002 the site contains about 1800 photographs taken by Professor Leo C. Curran (retired? Classics, SUNY/Buffalo). Unrestricted educational copyright-free use of images: to quote Prof. Curran "You many do anything you like with these images. The only exception: no commercial use."  

Russia  

    Bucknell Russian Studies Resources
    http://www.bucknell.edu/Academics/Colleges_Departments/Academic_Departments/Foreign_Language_Programs/
    Russian/Resources.html
    For historians, useful mostly for its History and Art links to recommended resources.

Soviet Archives Exhibit:  http://www.ibiblio.org/expo/soviet.exhibit/entrance.html. Supporting website for the LC exhibit of internal Soviet government documents. Basic exhibit is divided into two "floors": Internal Workings of the Soviet System and The Soviet Union and the United States. Includes essays, small and large images of documents, and often English translations of them.  

    United States (including Colonial era) [just barely a start...]

    Large Gateways

Library of Congress pages: http://www.loc.gov/. Look especially at two subsites:  Exhibitions: An Online Gallery: http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/ for permanent online versions of past and present LC exhibits and American Memory - American History in Word, Sound and Pictures: http://memory.loc.gov/. According to the website as of Spring 2002, American Memory offers links to "more than 7 million digital items from more than 100 historical collections."

Gilder Lehrman History Online  : http://www.hfac.uh.edu/gl/gl7.htm.  Annotated Links:  As of February 2002 entitled "Pathways to the Past: The  Best U.S. History Teaching Resources on the World Wide Web."  In appearance this seems to be a work in progress, but already this clearly annotated, chronologically arranged list is a very valuable source for many very useful websites. See also the Gilder Lehrman homepage (http://www.hfac.uh.edu/gl/) for other useful

History Matters: http://historymatters.gmu.edu/. A very rich website created by George Mason University, designed for US history teachers at both the high school and college level.

    Picture History - The Primary Source for History Online:  http://www.picturehistory.com/.  Site features lots of very useful images and some sound files from US history, colonial times - present. It is arranged under all sorts of useful categories plus has a good search function. Copyright-free Images: It appears to make all images available for personal and educational fairuse plus offers paid higher resolution copies for what it calls professional use.

Sound and Motion

WebCorp Multimedia: http://www.webcorp.com/civilrights/index.htm. The URL given is actually somewhat misleading, but works better than the WebCorp top page. The page that will come up is actually to WebCorp's Historic Audio Archives page, but it comes accompanied by a side frame with an additional "MultiMedia" button that leads to some very short Nixon video clips.

History and Politics Out Loud: http://www.hpol.org. Politically significant sound files from people like JFK, FDR, LBJ, Nixon, Churchill, and Martin Luther King.

Specific Topics

The Great Chicago Fire & the Web of Memory: http://www.chicagohs.org/fire/intro/. Created by the Chicago Historical Society with the technological help of Northwestern University. Contains a rich assortment of documents, images, sound files, essays, etc.

New Deal Network: http://newdeal.feri.org/.  The site contains lots of 1930s era document texts and photographs plus both lesson plans and interpretive essays.

The Triangle Factory Fire: http://www.ilr.cornell.edu/trianglefire/ .
A rich site recently made richer by the addition of 2 volumes of full text transcripts from the trial of the factory's owners.

Text image: World Women

Below are a list of websites all of which have some (varying) value to the study of world women's history, and thus were recommended as subjects for a Women in World History class Website Review assignment. Several are the product of one non-professional's personal point of view; a few others are the result of a great many professional historians and graphic designers working together. Some may have changed since they were selected in 2000.

Ancient Mediterranean World Women

 European Women

.


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